A. CDM2015 defines a client as anyone for whom a construction project is carried out.
A. In essence, the UK didn’t really implement EU Directive 92/57 fully in the first place and are now catching up. The regulations are there to ensure minimum H&S requirements on all construction sites and to minimize risks by establishing an accountable chain of responsibility. The HSE always felt that the regulations weren’t being followed as the CDM Coordinators weren’t usually appointed until the construction phase when they should have been effective at the crucial design stage.
It was also felt generally that Clients used the regulations to shy away from their responsibilities for health and safety and that it had become more of a ‘tick box’ exercise rather than a useful addition to ensure construction and engineering site safety.
A. HSE defines the Principal Designer as An organisation or individual with control over the pre-construction design process - here ‘design’ includes drawings, design details, specifications, bills of quantity and calculations prepared for the purpose of a design.
A. One of the basic principles of the new regulations is that the ultimate responsibility for H&S on a site is the client’s. They can discharge this if, and only if, advice has been sought from a member of the Occupational Health and Safety Consultants Register (OHSCR). Once such a competent person has been appointed as Principal Designer, then liability rests with that person.
A. The size or value of the project is actually irrelevant – a Principal Designer must be appointed whenever it is anticipated there will be more than one contractor working on the project.
A. On any project involving more that one contractor, the Client must not only appoint a Principal Designer but also a Principal Contractor. If you are the sole contractor, you will need to complete some of the Principal Contractor’s duties, including the requirement to produce a Construction Phase plan.
A. The Client is required to notify the HSE of projects before work commences if they will exceed 30 construction days with 20 or more workers working simultaneously or if the project exceeds 500 man-days.
A. The Health and Safety file is produced by the Principal Designer and is defined as information appropriate to the characteristics of the project, containing relevant health and safety information to be taken into account during any subsequent project. The file MUST contain information to ensure Health and Safety during any project such as maintenance, cleaning, refurbishment or demolition.
A. The Construction Phase Plan is a document that records the Health and Safety arrangements during the construction phase, site rules and, where relevant, specific measures concerning work that falls within the categories listed in Section 3 of the regulations. The plan must record the arrangements for managing all health and safety risks associated with the construction phase of a project.
A. Yes. Projects that started or contracts that were in place prior to April 6 can continue under the present CDM 2007 regulations UNTIL 6 October 2015. Projects that continue or start after 6 October must be carried out under the new CDM 2015 regulations.
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